You have healthy gums if they are pink in color. Gums that have turned red, black, white, or gray are a result of either natural circumstances or serious health issues. Some people have darker gums because of the skin pigment balance. Similar to the color of the skin, the gum color varies depending on the person’s descent. But if you’re Caucasian with darker or lighter gums than your relatives, you might have to consider them as a sign of an illness.
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a condition where there is an abundance of fungus in the throat or mouth. The Gentle Dentist says that this fungal infection usually irritates the gums and turns them into a red or white color. This condition is treatable through a procedure that scrapes off all the fungus in the gum areas.
Gums that have turned into an intense red color may have a viral infection. For instance, bright red gums with tiny yellow or white sores are usually a result of a herpes virus.
Gums that appear red with a gray film all over them are an apparent sign of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG). This type of bacterial infection is common among smokers, and it usually comes with bad breath, fever, sore throat, pain, and ulcer-like gum sores.
Leukoplakia causes a formation of white patches on the gums, the bottom of the mouth, and insides of the cheeks. It also makes the gum thicker than its usual size. This condition is usually benign, but some cases of Leukoplakia show early symptoms of oral cancer. Doctors note that this illness usually occurs to people who regularly smoke or chew tobacco.
Never neglect gum discoloration. If you notice any changes in your gum color, visit your dentist immediately. After all, it is better to catch these illnesses at their early stages.